This week we are going to learn about spelling, grammar and punctuation skills which will help us to improve our reading, writing and spelling.
You will know you have been successful when you can:
# Identify and write the long ‘a’ & ‘or’ sound into words.
# Accurately spell the words from your chosen list.
# Write sentences using the grammatically appropriate word.
# Identify and solve the prefix words.
# Give a definition and use noun plurals in sentences.
# Tell a friend the meaning of a homophone and give them a quiz with 5 questions about finding the correct word.
# Listen to, take notes and ask questions about the semi colon.
Long a’ sound
List A List B List C
fruit complete disappoint
catch February delighted
build noise imagine
always enough reign
sub, inter, auto
(matic, marine, national, graph)
Nouns – Plurals
This week we are going to learn about modal verbals, homophones, prefixes and parentheses.
Success Criteria – you will know you have been successful when you can:
# Explain the meaning of a modal verb and give an example.
# Identify the correct homophone in a sentence.
# Give a definition and example of a prefix.
# Locate the parentheses in a sentence.
What Are Verbs?
A verb is a “doing” word. A verb can express:
A physical action (e.g., t o swim, to write, to climb).
A mental action (e.g., to think, to guess, to consider).
A state of being (e.g., t o be, to exist, to appear).
Long Vowel Sounds
Week 4 – Your Task
Complete other people’s quiz questions
Be prepared to mark everyones answers and give them feedback.
in order that once
The subordinate conjunction has two jobs. First, it provides a necessary transition between the two ideas in the sentence. This transition will indicate a time, place, or cause and effect relationship. Here are some examples:
Louisa will wash the sink full of her dirty dishes
once her roommate Shane cleans his stubble and globs of shaving cream from the bathroom sink.
The adjective is listed first, followed by the comparative adjective and then the superlative adjective:
Angry – angrier – angriest
Anxious – more anxious – most anxious
Big – bigger – biggest
Brave – braver – bravest
Bright – brighter – brightest
Broad – broader – broadest
Calm – calmer – calmest
Cold – colder – coldest
Cool – cooler – coolest
Sentences with Comparative Adjectives
My house is bigger than yours.
Your grade is worse than mine.
The Pacific Ocean is deeper than the Arctic Ocean.
Sentences with Superlative Adjectives
I can’t find my most comfortable jeans.
The runt of the litter is the smallest.
Jupiter is the biggest planet in our Solar System.
A determiner is used to modify a noun. It indicates reference to something specific or something of a particular type. This function is usually performed by
articles, demonstratives, possessive determiners, or quantifiers.
VIDEO Types of determiners
The definite and indefinite
articles are all determiners.
Definite article –
the Indefinite article –
or a ( an is used before a consonant sound; a is used before a vowel sound.) an
door, please. the
I’ve got friend in Canada. a Demonstratives
There are four
demonstrative determiners in English and they are: this, that, these and those
Note that demonstrative determiners can also be used as demonstrative pronouns. When they are used as determiners they are followed by the nouns they modify. Compare:
is my camera. (Demonstrative used as a pronoun, subject of the verb This is)
camera is mine. (Demonstrative used as a determiner modifying the noun This camera.) Possessives
Possessive adjectives – my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their – modify the noun following it in order to show possession.
Possessive determiners are different from
possessive pronouns – mine, his, hers, yours, ours, their.
Possessive pronouns can stand alone and are not followed by nouns.
Possessive determiners, on the other hand, are followed by nouns.
house. ( my is a possessive determiner. It is followed by the noun my house which it modifies)
Is that car ? ( yours is a possessive pronoun. It is not followed by a noun.) yours Quantifiers
Quantifiers are followed by nouns which they modify. Examples of quantifiers include:
some, any, few, little, more, much, many, each, every, both, all, enough, half, little, whole, less etc.
Quantifiers are commonly used before either countable or uncountable nouns.
people than his wife. more
knowledge is a dangerous thing . Little
The 3 articles in English are a, an and the.
. You use an uncount noun with no article if you mean all or any of that thing.
I need help!
I don’t eat cheese.
Do you like music?
2. You use
the with an uncount noun when you are talking about a particular example of that thing.
Thanks for the help you gave me yesterday.
I didn’t eat the cheese. It was green!
Did you like the music they played at the dance?
3. You usually use
a/an with a count noun the first time you say or write that noun.
Can I borrow a pencil, please?
There’s a cat in the garden!
Do you have an mp3 player?
4. You use
the with count nouns the second and subsequent times you use the noun, or when the listener already knows what you are referring to (maybe because there is only one of that thing).
Where’s the pencil I lent you yesterday?
I think the cat belongs to the new neighbours.
I dropped the mp3 player and it broke.
Please shut the door!
5. You use a plural count noun with no article if you mean all or any of that thing.
I don’t like dogs.
Do they have children?
I don’t need questions. Give me answers!
6. The above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.
I don’t eat German cheese.
Can I borrow a red pencil, please?
There’s an extremely large cat in the garden!
I don’t like small, noisy children.
A preposition is a word which precedes a noun (or a pronoun) to show the noun’s (or the pronoun’s) relationship to another word in the sentence. (The word preposition comes from the idea of being positioned before. It is not true to say that a preposition always precedes a noun or a pronoun, but it does most of the time.)
The following are all prepositions:
above, about, across, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, since, to, toward, through, under, until, up, upon, with and within.
Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. The Articles — a, an, and the — are adjectives. If a group of words containing a subject and verb acts as an adjective, it is called an Adjective Clause.