English Skills

Learning Intention

This week we are going to learn about spelling, grammar and punctuation skills which will help us to improve our reading, writing and spelling.

Success Criteria

You will know you have been successful when you can:

# Identify and write the long ‘a’ & ‘or’ sound into words.

# Accurately spell the words from your chosen list.

# Write sentences using the grammatically appropriate word.

# Identify and solve the prefix  words.

# Give a definition and use noun plurals in sentences.

# Tell a friend the meaning of a homophone and give them a quiz with 5 questions about finding the correct word.

# Listen to, take notes and ask questions about the semi colon.

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Phonic Focus:

Long a’ sound

Long a vowel sound | FREE ESL worksheets

‘or’ sound

Image result for or' sound

Spelling Words:

List A                 List B                   List C

fruit                      complete          disappoint

catch                   February            delighted

build                    noise                  imagine

always                enough               reign

Word Choice:

bad/badly

happy/happily

good/well

bought/brought

angry/angrily

 

Prefixes:

Image result for prefix

sub, inter, auto

(matic, marine, national, graph)

 

Nouns – Plurals

Related image

Image result for nouns plural

 

Homophones:

Image result for homophones

Semi Colon

Image result for semi colon

 

English Skills

Learning Intention

This week we are going to learn about modal verbals, homophones, prefixes and parentheses.

Success Criteria –  you will know you have been successful when you can:

# Explain the meaning of a modal verb and give an example.

# Identify the correct homophone in a sentence.

# Give a definition and example of a prefix.

# Locate the parentheses in a sentence.

Verbs

Image result for verbs

Image result for modal verbs

Image result for modal verbs

Homophones

Image result for homophone

Prefix

Image result for prefix and suffix

Image result for prefix and suffix

Parentheses

Image result for parenthesis definition

English Skills

Common Nouns

Collective Nouns

 

Verbs

What Are Verbs?
A verb is a “doing” word. A verb can express:
A physical action (e.g., to swim, to write, to climb).
A mental action (e.g., to think, to guess, to consider).
A state of being (e.g., to be, to exist, to appear).

Long Vowel Sounds

Subordinate Conjunctions

 

Subordinate Conjunctions
after
although
as
because
before
even if
even though
if
in order that
once
provided that
rather than
since
so that
than
that
though
unless
until
when
whenever
where
whereas
wherever
whether
while
why

Conjunctions

The subordinate conjunction has two jobs. First, it provides a necessary transition between the two ideas in the sentence. This transition will indicate a time, place, orcause and effect relationship. Here are some examples:

Louisa will wash the sink full of her dirty dishes once her roommate Shane cleans his stubble and globs of shaving cream from the bathroom sink.

Comparative & Superlative Adjectives

The adjective is listed first, followed by the comparative adjective and then the superlative adjective:

  • Angry – angrier – angriest
  • Anxious – more anxious – most anxious
  • Big – bigger – biggest
  • Brave – braver – bravest
  • Bright – brighter – brightest
  • Broad – broader – broadest
  • Calm – calmer – calmest
  • Cold – colder – coldest
  • Cool – cooler – coolest

    Sentences with Comparative Adjectives

    • My house is bigger than yours.
    • Your grade is worse than mine.
    • The Pacific Ocean is deeper than the Arctic Ocean.
    • Sentences with Superlative Adjectives

      • I can’t find my most comfortable jeans.
      • The runt of the litter is the smallest.
      • Jupiter is the biggest planet in our Solar System.

Determiners

A determiner is used to modify a noun. It indicates reference to something specific or something of a particular type. This function is usually performed by articles, demonstratives, possessive determiners, or quantifiers.

Types of determiners

Articles

The definite and indefinite articles are all determiners.

  • Definite article – the
  • Indefinite article – a or an (a is used before a consonant sound; an is used before a vowel sound.)

Examples:

Close the door, please.
I’ve got a friend in Canada.

Demonstratives

There are four demonstrative determiners in English and they are: this, that, these and those

Note that demonstrative determiners can also be used as demonstrative pronouns. When they are used as determiners they are followed by the nouns they modify. Compare:

This is my camera. (Demonstrative used as a pronoun, subject of the verb is)
This camera is mine. (Demonstrative used as a determiner modifying the noun camera.)

Possessives

Possessive adjectives – my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their – modify the noun following it in order to show possession.

Possessive determiners are different from possessive pronounsmine, his, hers, yours, ours, their.

  • Possessive pronouns can stand alone and are not followed by nouns.
  • Possessive determiners, on the other hand, are followed by nouns.

Compare:

This is my house. (my is a possessive determiner. It is followed by the noun house which it modifies)
Is that car yours? (yours is a possessive pronoun. It is not followed by a noun.)

Quantifiers

Quantifiers are followed by nouns which they modify. Examples of quantifiers include:

some, any, few, little, more, much, many, each, every, both, all, enough, half, little, whole, less etc.

Quantifiers are commonly used before either countable or uncountable nouns.

He knows more people than his wife.
Little knowledge is a dangerous thing .

Determiners

 

Articles

The 3 articles in English are a, an and the.

. You use an uncount noun with no article if you mean all or any of that thing.

  • I need help!
  • I don’t eat cheese.
  • Do you like music?

2. You use the with an uncount noun when you are talking about a particular example of that thing.

  • Thanks for the help you gave me yesterday.
  • I didn’t eat the cheese. It was green!
  • Did you like the music they played at the dance?

3. You usually use a/an with a count noun the first time you say or write that noun.

  • Can I borrow a pencil, please?
  • There’s a cat in the garden!
  • Do you have an mp3 player?

4. You use the with count nouns the second and subsequent times you use the noun, or when the listener already knows what you are referring to (maybe because there is only one of that thing).

  • Where’s the pencil I lent you yesterday?
  • I think the cat belongs to the new neighbours.
  • I dropped the mp3 player and it broke.
  • Please shut the door!

5. You use a plural count noun with no article if you mean all or any of that thing.

  • I don’t like dogs.
  • Do they have children?
  • I don’t need questions. Give me answers!

6. The above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.

  • I don’t eat German cheese.
  • Can I borrow a red pencil, please?
  • There’s an extremely large cat in the garden!
  • I don’t like small, noisy children.

Prepositions

A preposition is a word which precedes a noun (or a pronoun) to show the noun’s (or the pronoun’s) relationship to another word in the sentence. (The word preposition comes from the idea of being positioned before. It is not true to say that a preposition always precedes a noun or a pronoun, but it does most of the time.)

The following are all prepositions:

above, about, across, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, since, to, toward, through, under, until, up, upon, with and within.