Natural Disasters

Alaska Residents Prepare for Possible Eruption

What was the natural disaster discussed in the video?

What was the danger?

How were people preparing?

Was there any other interesting information?

Brochure — Summary of tables explaining the JMA seismic intensity scale

What is the document for?

How does it help people stay safe during a natural disaster?

What would a Scale 4 earthquake look like according to this document?

What action should you take in a Scale 6 earthquake?

Volcano alert levels in volcanic forecasts/warnings

What is the document for?

How does it help people stay safe during a natural disaster?

Who are the people who need to take note of these warnings?

If there was a level 3 warning, what do people need to do?

Where was the volcano and what country was affected?

Why did the airlines cancel flights?

What do you think would happen if the flights weren’t cancelled?

How did the Royal Flying Doctors plane fly during this time?

Year 6 Mentors


imoji (2)


Think about your interactions with the Year 5 students.

Remembering: What did I do?

Understanding: What was important about what I did?

Applying: Where could I use this again?

Analyzing: Do I see any patterns in how I approached my work?

Evaluating: How well did I do? What worked? What do I need to improve?

Creating: What should I do next? What’s my plan?


The Apostrophe


Definition: An apostrophe indicates ownership of an object, idea or quality.

 Problem: Many writers are unsure of where to put the apostrophe.

Three Steps for Using Apostrophes:


  1. Be aware of possession. Find the owner or owners.

    Ask yourself: To whom does the object, idea or quality belong?

 toy of the cat                                =  cat’s toy

weather of today                          =  today’s weather

appendix in the anthology           =  the anthology’s appendix

contribution of Mr. Friedlander  =  Mr. Friedlander’s contribution

books of the boys                        =  the boys’ books

shoes of the men                         =  men’s shoes

report of the members                 =  members’ report

heroism of Odysseus                   =  Odysseus’s heroism

  1. Place ’s after the owner or owners: (Owner) + ’s

 cat + ’s             = cat’s toys

men + ’s          = men’s shoes

Odysseus +’s   = Odysseus’s* heroism


*Note: If single nouns end in –s or –z, you can show possession with either just an apostrophe or the standard apostrophe +s. e.g. Odysseus’ or Odysseus’s. However, you must be consistent.


  1. If the word is a plural noun that ends in s, just add an apostrophe (’).


boys +         = boys’ books

 members + = members’ report

Two Basic Rules for Using Apostrophes:


  1. Add ’s to the noun (owner)

The childs balloon floated to the ceiling when he let go of it.

The childrens books are over there on the shelf.


  1. Add only the apostrophe (’) to a plural noun that ends in s.

            The dogs leashes were put back in the drawer.

Who owns that– apostrophe game

Quiz of the Week



1) What is one-third of 129?

2) Hyenas are scavengers, True or False?

3) Which is further – one kilometre or one mile?

4) An ancient and mystical stone structure located in the south of England is called …

5) Which word is wrong in this sentence?

‘A packet of chips were found on the bench.’

6) Would you eat, wear or throw a ‘boomerang?’

7) Bjorn Borg was a champion   ….   player from Sweden?

8) Will a hexagonal tile tessellate?

9) Which company, known as GEC, invented the electric toaster?

10)We know bees transfer pollen, but can bats do the same?

Comparative & Superlative Adjectives


The adjective is listed first, followed by the comparative adjective and then the superlative adjective:

  • Angry – angrier – angriest
  • Anxious – more anxious – most anxious
  • Big – bigger – biggest
  • Brave – braver – bravest
  • Bright – brighter – brightest
  • Broad – broader – broadest
  • Calm – calmer – calmest
  • Cold – colder – coldest
  • Cool – cooler – coolest

    Sentences with Comparative Adjectives

    • My house is bigger than yours.
    • Your grade is worse than mine.
    • The Pacific Ocean is deeper than the Arctic Ocean.
    • Sentences with Superlative Adjectives

      • I can’t find my most comfortable jeans.
      • The runt of the litter is the smallest.
      • Jupiter is the biggest planet in our Solar System.



A determiner is used to modify a noun. It indicates reference to something specific or something of a particular type. This function is usually performed by articles, demonstratives, possessive determiners, or quantifiers.

Types of determiners


The definite and indefinite articles are all determiners.

  • Definite article – the
  • Indefinite article – a or an (a is used before a consonant sound; an is used before a vowel sound.)


Close the door, please.
I’ve got a friend in Canada.


There are four demonstrative determiners in English and they are: this, that, these and those

Note that demonstrative determiners can also be used as demonstrative pronouns. When they are used as determiners they are followed by the nouns they modify. Compare:

This is my camera. (Demonstrative used as a pronoun, subject of the verb is)
This camera is mine. (Demonstrative used as a determiner modifying the noun camera.)


Possessive adjectives – my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their - modify the noun following it in order to show possession.

Possessive determiners are different from possessive pronounsmine, his, hers, yours, ours, their.

  • Possessive pronouns can stand alone and are not followed by nouns.
  • Possessive determiners, on the other hand, are followed by nouns.


This is my house. (my is a possessive determiner. It is followed by the noun house which it modifies)
Is that car yours? (yours is a possessive pronoun. It is not followed by a noun.)


Quantifiers are followed by nouns which they modify. Examples of quantifiers include:

some, any, few, little, more, much, many, each, every, both, all, enough, half, little, whole, less etc.

Quantifiers are commonly used before either countable or uncountable nouns.

He knows more people than his wife.
Little knowledge is a dangerous thing .